C-section is one of the frequently performed gynecological procedures worldwide. More than 29.7 million c-sections are performed globally every year and the number is climbing with each passing year. Approximately, thirty-two percent women giving birth to their babies undergo c-section that leaves a scar mark on their lower abdomen. Post-surgical scars result in internal adhesion formation that may cause a number of distressing conditions such as scar overgrowth (keloid), tightened skin (contracture), disturbed bowel movements or bowel obstruction, chronic post-surgical pain or itching, growth of uterine tissue at abnormal sites (endometriosis), impaired circulation and energy flow, and initiation of abnormal signals to nervous system. All these conditions affect the quality of life.
Keloid refers to an exaggerated healing response resulting in raised scar. Keloid scars affect up to 15% of all wounds. Keloid scars of C-section are reported to be associated with negative body image (cosmetic disfigurement), depression, emotional stress, pain and sometimes spoiling of intimate relationship. These overgrown scars can be treated with surgery, steroid injections and microcurrent stimulation. Studies have revealed that direct current electroacupuncture techniques or microcurrent therapies offer significant improvement in scar associated pain.
Contracture refers to a fixed rigid scar due to contractile wound healing process, leading to functional and cosmetic deformities. Surgery and microcurrent dressing (MCD) offer unique wound healing, preventing contracture development.
Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) remains a frequent challenge for physicians. C-section affects millions of women around the world through CPSP along with low back pain, shoulder pain and neuropathic pain. Early management of CPSP helps fast recovery and earlier return to daily activities. Microcurrent point stimulation (MPS) applied to c-section scars provide promising relief in chronic post-surgical pain. Moreover, MPS challenges traditionally accepted concepts of pain physiopathology and its management.
In a nutshell, c-section scars affect adversely in terms of cosmetic disfigurement, functional deformities, emotional stress, depression and chronic post-surgical pain or itching.